Many things happen to skin as it ages. First, skin’s natural surface cell renewal cycle slows. Second, sebaceous glands become less productive and oil production slows. Third, the supportive collagen structure that supports skin and the elastin that keeps skin resilient start to break down. Fourth, subcutaneous fat becomes depleted, causing skin to thin out over time. As a result, skin becomes drier and starts to lose youthful radiance. Signs of photo-aging, such as sun freckles, liver spots, become more visible. The loss of subcutaneous tissue causes pores, follicles and oil glands to appear more prominent. Natural firmness and elasticity is diminished, causing fine lines, wrinkles and sagging to become more noticeable. And to top it off, skin has a diminished ability to repair itself, so it is more susceptible to injury.
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Aging and mature skin can benefit from richer moisturizers with more hydrating, nourishing strength to combat dryness and nutrient depletion. Adequate exfoliation is also important to rid the complexion of skin-dulling dead cells. A good eye crème loaded with healthy vitamins and antioxidants can help keep crow’s feet and dark circles at bay. Products with skin brightening agents such as Vitamin C, Niacinamide (Vitamin B3), Bearberry or Alpha Arbutin can help combat dark spots, perk up a tired-looking complexion and boost skin radiance. Antioxidants such as Astaxanthin and DMAE can address wrinkles, loss of firmness and the after effects of sun exposure. Collagen-boosting peptides can help diminish the look of deep wrinkles.